The Emergence of Accusative Case in Copala Triqui
by George Aaron Broadwell (PDF - 490k)
This paper argues that the noun ‘body’, the accusative particle, and dative preposition man are synchronically three different parts of speech in modern Copala Triqui. However, in earlier recorded Copala Triqui (from about 1965-75), we find somewhat different grammatical patterns. In earlier Copala Triqui, the accusative particle and dative preposition man were not yet distinct. Thus, a distinct accusative case particle appears to have emerged out of a dative preposition in about the last sixty years. It is thus a contemporary example of a diachronic path from adposition to case-marker which has been proposed for several other languages.
Cophonologies and upper-lower tone register mapping in Copala Triqui
by Jamilläh Rodriguez and Lee Bickmore (PDF - 621k)
This paper examines the tone register paradigm in Copala Triqui, an Otomanguean language of Mexico. Past literature on tone register changes has attributed tonal variations to seemingly arbitrary classes. Instead, the synchronic account presented here accounts for these changes through underlying floating tones and phonological processes that occur as the result of two cophonologies tied to an upper and lower tone register.
by Natalie Operstein (PDF - 217k)
A problem set reconstructing Zapotec consonants